Explain the features of National Policy on Education of 1986 (Essay Question of Kannur University First Semester BEd. Examination: Paper C 102: Contemporary India and Education
Key Concepts of National policy on Education:1986
In 1966, Kothari Commission submitted its comprehensive report to the central government with lots of great recommendations. As a result, the then Indira Gandhi government declared a national educational policy which is known as the national educational Policy of 1968. As it was not much successful and effective, a new educational policy was declared by Rajiv Gandhi Government in 1986 which is known as the New Policy on Education (NPE) or the national policy on Education of 1986. It was one of the milestones in the history of Indian Education. It put forth so many new concepts by following the recommendations of Kothari Commission. Operation blackboard which was intended to enhance the facilities in primary educational institutions; Navodaya Schools which was intended to provide standard education to the gifted children at rural areas; Adult Education which was aiming to provide literacy to those who hadn’t got education during childhood days; MLL which was for ensuring minimum quality of education; Functional Literacy which was put forth for providing practical literacy; delinking jobs from degree which was intended for enhancing quality of works and Mahila Samakhya Prograame that was introduced for empowerment of women were the major declarations of the New policy on Education of 1986.
Operation blackboard is a project declared by the new policy on education off 1986. Operation blackboard got such a title because the government thought that the items included in the operation blackboard where to be executed on an emergency manner. It was to enhance the facilities at primary schools by building at least two big classrooms, appointing at least one lady teacher, building separate toilets for girls etc. It was intended to attract the parents of children so that to motivate them to send their children to school. It was a project intended to realize the concept of Universalization of Elementary Education as much as possible.
Navodaya Schools were another big declaration of the NPE of 1986. They were intended to provide standard education to the gifted children of rural areas. It was thought during those period that the talented children of rural areas were not fortunate to have standard education which was being enjoyed by even the average students at urban areas. Hence, the government declared that Navodaya Schools would be established for solving this problem. Navodaya Schools are also known as pace Setting Schools, as they were intended to provide that type of educational experience which would match understanding level of gifted children. Navodaya Schools are residential schools where gifted children of rural areas get admission after an entrance test after completing five years of primary education. All the things such as uniforms, textbooks, food and accommodation are free of cost in Navodaya Schools. Central government established about 261 Navodaya Schools by 1991.
Adult education scheme was another amazing declaration of the NPE of 1986. Most of the people between the age of 18 and 35 were uneducated during those times. It was afraid that the national development would not be possible in its real sense, if most of the people were uneducated. So, the government declared that it would take necessary actions to provide functional literacy to all the citizens between 18 and 35 through non-formal educational process. As a result, the National literacy Mission was formed in 1988. State Literacy missions were formed eventually and literacy prograames were organized all over the country with the help of thousands of volunteers and NGOs. Kerala became the first Indian state to have complete literacy through the dedicated literacy prograames.
Minimum Level of Learning and Functional Literacy
Another two major declarations of the policy were MLL and Functional literacy. Minimum Level of Learning is the concept of ensuring a minimum standard of education to all the students who complete a particular level of education. If a student who completes a particular level of education is just like a child who hasn’t got any education, it’s something shameful. So, the government declared that it would take necessary actions to ensure a minimum standard in all the students even those who fails in the examinations? The government also declared that it would ensure functional literacy i.e., the ability to make use of reading, writing and arithmetic in daily life activities. It also declared that it would provide functional literacy to farmers and traders by teaching them modern machine usage and modern trends.
Mahila Samakhya Programme
Kothari Commission had recommended to take necessary actions to lead women folk, too, into the mainstream of the society. As a result, this policy declared that the government would launch a programme called Mahila Samakhya programme for the empowerment of women folk in our country. This declaration became a reality in 1988, as the government started Mahila Samakhya programme in the year.
Delinking Job from Degrees
The Government declared that it would delink degrees from job, as degree courses never offered anything practical. It was intended for starting job-oriented courses for those who do not want to go for higher education.
The New Policy on Education of 1986 declared so many other things, too, such as meaningful partnership of Central Government and state governments in the planning and establishment of educational systems, education for differently abled children, establishment school complexes etc. It became a milestone in the history of education with a variety of innovative and multi-sided declarations.
Assistant Professor of Education, Keyi sahib Training College
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